Today, in Poland’s largest newspaper, there has been an article about second year M.Arch projects in Ursus and how we came to be involved with the Association for the development of Ursus. It’s in Polish and below is a (not very good) rough translation.
Thanks to Krzysztof for sharing…
Horrendously bad translation here, courtesy of google (but you’ll get the gist…)
British students to the rescue Ursus. They want to come back there industry
Industry still we associate with smoky chimneys and dirty halls. Meanwhile, the modern factory already so do not look, and factories are beginning to return to America and Europe. At the request of traders from the Warsaw Ursus British students designed the re-industrialization of the place.
Ursus – once a separate town, now one of the districts of Warsaw – this is known primarily from the production of tractors. The area of the factory is fallen almost 180 hectares, most degraded of which for several years pending battle between authorities, citizens, larger and smaller businesses.
The voice on the management of Ursus took the British students of architecture.
Production versus flat
Reindustrializacją Ursus and the use of local post-industrial areas for a few months occupied by students of architecture at the University of Plymouth. They did so under the direction of Polish lectured there urbanist and architect Dr. Christopher Nawratka. The result of their work is not only visualization, but also kilkudziesięciostronicowe urban strategies.
– Talk about returning the industry to cities is relatively new and has obvious influences – says Nawratek. – The financial crisis that began in 2008 and hit the town, depriving most of the main “engine of growth”, which was speculative capital invested in real estate. There is therefore an urgent need to look for other solutions, less related to financial speculation. Once the “engine of growth” was the industry. Time to go back.
To address the Ursus Nawratka and his students have invited entrepreneurs affiliated with the Association for the Development of Ursus. For years arguing with the city and a development company to build settlements in the scheduler area where now are the remains of the factory. – I once read an interview with Krzysztof Nawratkiem, in which he told of the destruction of industry in Istanbul. I thought of us followed exactly the same process, this man can help us – says Mirosław Obarski from the association.
Obarski calculates that a former tractor factory now operates about 100 companies employing 1.7 thousand. Among them are such screw manufacturer supporting the roofs of many Polish stadiums, galvanizing, aluminum casting parts maker Ursus tractors, which in this part of Europe still runs around 800 thousand. people.
– At the same time half of the district’s residents commute to work in the center of the terrible traffic jams, and adopted zoning study the Warsaw area allocated for housing. Businesses are appealing the decision, fighting in the courts, many things have already won. They want to keep production here, and even to develop it – says Obarski.
What offer students
– Despite several redial attempts students failed to meet with representatives of the developer planning to turn your Ursus in the second town Wilanów. However, the majority of their projects includes portions of residential reconciled with modern industry and food production. They propose a dialogue between the conflicting parties – describes Dr. Nawratek.
The work of his pupils say they are conservative and revolutionary.
Conservative, because arose in opposition to the idea that the grounds of the former plow factory, rather than the identity of the place and operating plants there, including plant.
Revolutionary, because not only propose to maintain today’s production, but also its development. But in a different model than it is in the neo-liberal cities based on competition. Students suggested cooperation between entities operating in Ursus and searched for them to work the fields. They suggested, among others by ash from the power plant was used as an intermediate for the production of building materials, which could serve to build houses in the district.
– The most interesting is a project by Chris Turner. This is an attempt to create an experimental structure, where would be produced food and other goods. The existing power plant is still operating on, and its heat allowances would be used in greenhouses. The project involves the creation of a research center and residential functions – describes Christopher Nawratek. – So this is a project that on the one hand is the basic security elements needs of residents, on the other hand, however, there is a closed enclave of utopian character, but a universalist ambitions testing new solutions.
Mirosław Obarski: – In Poland still lingering stereotype that the industry is equal to the smoking chimneys and dirty Halom. Modern factories so they do not look, they use modern technologies often hidden in a very impressive architecture. I just got a British student projects, some of them are fantastic and very professional suggestions. Pass on to councilors, the media, you will want to offer them another round public discussion about the future of Ursus.
America and Europe are beginning reidustrializację
Over the last decade, brought out the production of American and European cities, special industrial zones and cheaper Asian countries. It was believed that the industry will replace the knowledge-based economy and new technologies, services and business services. More recently, beginning to see the reversal of this trend.
Multi-billion dollar investment in U.S. factories announced U.S. corporations General Motors, Ford, and General Electric. Caterpillar, the world’s largest manufacturer of excavators and bulldozers, closes factory in Japan and moved to Texas. ET Water Californian company, which produces equipment for irrigation, also moved production from China to the U.S.. There are several reasons include decreasing production costs and energy in the states and rising wages in China. Reindustrializacja Europe is also an official of the European Commission’s strategy to deal with the economic crisis. From this perspective, visions of the future Ursus by British students are not so fantastic.